定语从句作业(修改)

刘喆-Lsliuzhe

定语从句作业

(这次作业很不错哦,完成度很高,里面出现的问题也都比较高级了,所以如果有看不懂的或者我解释不清的直接来问我,别瞎琢磨哈哈哈哈)

关系副词

例1.I remeber the day when(on which) we have a great party.

remember拼写错误哦 这个一看就是不小心的

例2.The city where(in which) we study together.

这句话吧,它的问题在于,它还不是个句子。定语从句的部分没有问题,但是主句只有一个the city,谓语宾语什么的都不见啦,句子不完整。

例3.Did you know the reason why(for which)he cried?

2.关系代词

(1)that

例4.Can you get me the coat that/which with two pockets?先行词the coat为物,引导词用that或which,在从句中做主语,不了省略。

这句话中,从句的句子结构不完整,在从句中which或者that做主语这些都没问题,但是从句有了主语也要有其他构成句子的成分啊,这样才能形成从句。可以说Would you like to get me the coat which/that has two pockets.

例5.I don't understand the lesson (that/which) you gave yesterday.先行词the lesson,从句中做宾语可以省略。

例6. Everthing(everything) that we must be ready before leaving.先行词为不定式,引导词用that.这个句子感觉有问题,改了很多遍,越改越懵。

这句话的问题在于ready的词性认识不清和主句句子结构不完整,ready虽然也可以做动词,但是在生活中一般都做形容词,因为生活中最常见的I’m ready. 这句话是主系表结构的,也就是说ready不能是动词,如果是形容词的话,be ready后面就不能直接加名词everything了,be ready可以换成prepare,prepare是一个及物动词,后面可以直接加名词。句子结构的话和例2的问题一样,主句中除了everything没有其他的东西了。所以可以改成Have you prepared everything that we need for leaving.

例7.He recorded (that) he was interested in the people and the things (that) he saw in Chengdu.第一个that引导宾语从句无实意可省略,第二个that引导先行词the people and the things有人有物,在从句中做saw的宾语,可省略。

这句话就比较厉害了,刚开始给我看蒙了,我看了好几遍都觉得不太对但是又没看出来为啥,这就厉害了。这句话里的定语从句没有问题,问题在于前面的宾语从句。我们说宾语从句就是句子宾语的部分由句子来代替,那么从句部分能不能使用就要看谓语动词,这句话主语的谓语动词是record,那么可以被记录的事情,可以是他在成都感兴趣的人和事(我觉得你是想表达这个),但是不应该是记录他感兴趣这个状态。换句话说,你可以说He recorded the thief was stealing. 他拍下了小偷在偷东西,但是不能说He recorded Susan liked dogs这种表示状态的宾语从句。所以在你的句子里,你表达的意思其实是他记录下了他对人和事感兴趣这件事,乍一听还挺变态的。这句话可以说He recorded the interesting people and things (that) he saw in Chengdu.

例8.The first thing that I am studing(studying) English.先行词被序数词修饰引导词用that

问题同例2,主句结构不完整。

例9.This is the most interesting game that I have played .先行词被最高级修饰引导词用that

例10.①This is the only thing (that)we can do now.被the only修饰特指的先行词

②I don't tell you any words that have nothing to do with you.被any修饰不确定的先行词

这句话语法没啥问题,但是意思我没看懂…

例11.Who/Which that sitting in the office is our new colleague.我很想发那个黄黄摇摇头,兰兰不知所措的表情。这究竟是神马?!

啊哈哈哈哈,这个确实不太好理解,我写的时候也绕的够呛,不过这个句子写的还是特别好的,唯一的问题是不能用which,因为毕竟是个同事,人家新来的就拿人家当个东西这种事不太礼貌,用who就好了。

例12.The village is not the one that it is.关系代词在从句中做表语。要没你的例句,我怎么也想不出还有这种话!

这个太厉害了,想例句的时候我真的想了半天哈哈哈,但是我发现了一个我例句中的问题。我写的例句是 She is not the person that she is. 我想了想既然是从前的她,那么从句应该用过去时态会更好一点。She is not the person that she was. 你写的句子也是,The village is not the one that it was.

(2)which

例13.It is not the cookie (that/which) my son wanted to eat last night.先行词是物,从句中做宾语可以省略

例14.We like the suv that/which is Benz.做主语,不可省略。

这句话语法没问题,但是这么说好麻烦啊,一看就是为了造句写的哈哈哈哈,可以直接说We like the Benz SUV.

例15.The pencil with which you are writing is your brother’s.

哇哇哇!这句话写的太好了,加鸡腿。

(3)who和whom

例16.She is the teacher whom/that you looked for just now.先行词是人的情况下whom做宾语,可用that代替

例17.The boy who talked to you is Tim.做主语用who。这句感觉完全用不上从句的句子。

例18.Anyone who is trying to be happy.

同例2,没有主句。

例19.There is a little boy who is the winner of the game.用在There be句型

例20.I hope a new teacher will come next month who will teach us drawing.

这句话有点理解错我的意思了,我的原意是说定语从句的先行词有一个比较长的定语的时候,定语是修饰限定的作用啊,你的句子里,a new teacher will come next month是hope的宾语从句,而who引导的定语从句这个时候就不能和它的先导词分开了。因为如果是定语短语和定语从句的关系,那么他们谁离先导词比较近就是定语内部之间的小矛盾,但是如果是主句和定语从句,那就是种族之间的问题了,不能回避。也就是说,这句话如果去掉I hope的话,就只有 a new teacher will come next month who will teach us drawing,这样定语从句和先行词分开,不符合定语从句的原则啦。还有一个问题是hope后面所有的东西都是hope的宾语,没有目的状语句子成分不完整(这个我估计你看不太懂),如果用hope的话,可以改成两种句子,(1)I hope a new teacher will come next month to teach us drawing. (2)I hope a new teacher who will teach us drawing to come here. 如果按照我本来的计划可以说I am looking forward a new teacher coming next month who will teach us drawing.

(4)whose

例21.He is the man whose car is blue.这句我以中文的思维可以理解。就是不知道所指的所有关系这种算不算。

算!

例22.She said she had read the book ,which I admired very much.令我钦佩的是had read the book 这件事

例23.Leo passed the test ,which surprised everyone in the school

例24.I like the sister will come back tomorrow,who is a doctor.

这句话有点小问题,你的句子表达的意思是我喜欢姐姐明天回来这件事,听起来有点奇怪哦,而且like这个词吧,你看老友记的时候就能发现,你可以和朋友或者家人说I love you,但是like you就说的是异性之间了。这句话可以说The sister I love will come back tomorrow, who is a doctor.

例25.As we have seen ,the activity was very successful.